A Crash Course in Treasury Securities

A Crash Course in Treasury Securities Bulman Wealth

Ever wondered what treasury securities are? What about the difference between a treasury note, a treasury bond, and a treasury bill? Let’s uncover what these securities are so that you can have a sense of how they function and how they work for an investor.

What Are Treasury Securities Used For?

Treasury securities are basically debt products used to pay for public projects such as building schools and highways.[1] Treasury securities function similarly to loans–you loan the government some amount of money, and the government promises to pay back that money and some additional money (an interest rate).[1]

Interest rates are the main reason why people purchase bonds because interest rates are a form of financial return. But let’s discuss more on how treasury securities really work.

The Inner Workings of a Treasury Security

These securities have what is called “face values” or “par values.” Both of these terms mean the same thing. They are the amount the government guarantees to the owner of the bond at the maturity date.[1] So, for example, if you have a bond with a face value of $50, that bond will be worth at least $50 at the time of maturity. Think of it as a floor price. If you purchased that bond at $100 and tried to sell it, it couldn’t be sold for less than $50.

In addition, because the US Government backs these kinds of securities, they are commonly considered relatively safe investment options.[2] The US has never defaulted (been unable to pay) its Treasury security debts, so many have confidence that if they own a US treasury bond, they will get the amount listed on the face value if they wait until the bond is mature.[2]

Treasuries as an Investment

So, given that these kinds of investments carry relatively little risk, why doesn’t everyone just invest in these kinds of securities? The answer is that these kinds of investments often yield lower returns than more high-risk options.[2] So you’ll have to consider that if you are interested in investing in these kinds of securities, they don’t fit every portfolio or financial situation.

The Three Treasury Securities

There are three types of Treasury securities, and their main difference is their maturation length (though there are other differences between them as well, such as interest rate levels):

  1. Treasury bonds (sometimes called T-Bonds) mature after 20 or 30 years
  2. Treasury notes (sometimes called T-notes) have maturation periods of 2, 3, 5, 7, or 10 years
  3. Treasury bills (sometimes called T-bills) have a maturation period of anything less than 2 years [2]

When it comes to portfolio design, there are many, many options to consider, both high-risk and low-risk and long-term and short-term. And all of these options come with different considerations and are impacted by different financial factors.

If you are looking for someone to help guide you through the myriad of options available to you for investment, Click HERE to reach out to one of our professionals at Bulman Wealth Group for a complimentary review of your financial situation.

[2] article is intended for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as the basis for any purchasing decision.

All content is for information purposes only. It is not intended to provide any tax or legal advice or provide the basis for any financial decisions. Nor is it intended to be a projection of current or future performance or an indication of future results.

Opinions expressed herein are solely those of Chris Bulman Inc. dba Bulman Wealth Group and our editorial staff. The information contained in this material has been derived from sources believed to be reliable but is not guaranteed as to accuracy and completeness and does not purport to be a complete analysis of the materials discussed. All information and ideas should be discussed in detail with your individual advisor prior to implementation. Investment advisory services are offered through Chris Bulman Inc dba Bulman Wealth Group, an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Insurance products and services are offered through Chris Bulman, Inc. dba BWG Insurance Agency and Ameritas Life Insurance Corp., CA State Insurance License # 0M46922. Being registered as an investment advisor does not imply a certain level of skill or training.

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